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Graphical Enhancements |

The third step is to create a trend chart with the SHEWHART
procedure, as follows:

title 'Trend Chart for Diameter'; symbol v=none c=salmon w=5; proc shewhart history=regdata; xchart diameter*hour / stddeviations trendvar = fitted cneedles = black wtrend = 1 split = '/' nolegend cframe = vibg cinfill = ywh; label diameterx = 'Residual Mean/Fitted Mean'; run;

The chart is shown in Figure 47.26. The values of FITTED are plotted in the lower half of the trend chart. The upper half of the trend chart is an chart for the residual means (DIAMTERX - FITTED). The CNEEDLES= option specifies that the residuals are to be represented by vertical bars as deviations from the central line. The chart in Figure 47.26 shows that, after accounting for the trend, the mean level of the process is in control.

If the data are correlated in time, you can use the ARIMA or AUTOREG procedures in place of the REG procedure to remove autocorrelation structure and display a control chart for the residuals; for an example, see "Autocorrelation in Process Data" . Another application of the TRENDVAR= option is the display of nominal values in control charts for short runs; see "Short Run Process Control" .

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