Dictionary of Special Options
 ALPHA=value

requests probability limits.
If you specify ALPHA=, the control limits are computed
so that the probability is that a single moving average
exceeds its control limits.
The value of can range between 0 and 1.
This assumes that the
process is in statistical control and that the data follow a
normal distribution. For the equations used to compute probability
limits, see "Control Limits" .
Note the following:

As an alternative to specifying ALPHA=, you can read
from the variable _ALPHA_ in a LIMITS= data set by
specifying the READALPHA option.

As an alternative to specifying ALPHA=(or reading _ALPHA_ from a LIMITS= data set),
you can request " control limits" by
specifying SIGMAS=k
(or reading _SIGMAS_ from a LIMITS= data set).
If you specify neither the ALPHA= option nor the SIGMAS= option, the
procedure computes control limits by default.
 ASYMPTOTIC

requests constant upper and lower control limits
for all subgroups having the following values:
Here w is the span of the moving average, and n is
the nominal sample size associated with the control limits.
Substitute for k if you specify
probability limits with the ALPHA= option.
When you do not specify the ASYMPTOTIC option,
the control limits are computed using the exact formulas
in Table 21.19.
Use the ASYMPTOTIC option only if all the subgroup sample
sizes are the same or if you specify LIMITN=n.
 CMEANSYMBOL=color

[Graphics]
specifies the color for the symbol requested with the
MEANSYMBOL= option. The default color is the first
color in the device color list.
 LIMITN=n
 LIMITN=VARYING

specifies either a fixed or varying nominal sample
size for the control limits.
If you specify LIMITN=n,
moving averages are calculated and displayed only for those
subgroups with a sample size
equal to n, unless you also specify the ALLN option,
which causes all
the moving averages to be calculated and displayed.
By default (or if you specify LIMITN=VARYING),
moving averages are calculated and displayed for all subgroups, regardless of
sample size.
 MEANCHAR='character'

[Line Printer]
specifies a character used to plot the subgroup mean for each subgroup.
By default, subgroup means are not plotted.
 MEANSYMBOL=keyword

[Graphics]
specifies a symbol used to plot the subgroup mean for each subgroup.
By default, subgroup means are not plotted.
 MU0=value

specifies a known (standard) value for the process
mean . By default, is estimated from the data.
Note:
As an alternative to specifying MU0=, you can read a
predetermined value for from the variable _MEAN_
in a LIMITS= data set.
See Example 21.1.
 NOREADLIMITS

specifies that control limit parameters for each process
listed in the MACHART statement are not to be read from the
LIMITS= data set specified in the PROC MACONTROL statement. The
NOREADLIMITS option is available only in Release 6.10 and later
releases.
The following example illustrates the NOREADLIMITS option:
proc macontrol data=pistons limits=diamlim;
machart diameter*hour;
machart diameter*hour / noreadlimits span=3;
run;
The first MACHART statement reads the control limits from
the first observation in the data set DIAMLIM for which
the variable _VAR_ is equal to diameter and the
variable _SUBGRP_ is equal to hour. The second
MACHART statement computes
estimates of the process mean and standard deviation for
the control limits from the
measurements in the data set PISTONS. Note that the
second MACHART statement is equivalent to the following
statements, which would be more commonly used:
proc macontrol data=pistons;
machart diameter*hour / span=3;
run;
For more information about reading control limit parameters from
a LIMITS= data set, see the READLIMITS
option later in this list.
 READALPHA

specifies that the variable _ALPHA_, rather than the variable
_SIGMAS_, is to be read from a LIMITS= data set when both
variables are available in the data set.
Thus the limits displayed are probability limits.
If you do not specify the READALPHA option, then _SIGMAS_ is
read by default.
 READINDEX='value'

reads control limit parameters from a LIMITS= data set
(specified in the PROC MACONTROL statement) for each process
listed in the MACHART statement.
The control limit parameters
for a particular process are read from the
first observation in the LIMITS= data set for which
 the value of _VAR_ matches process
 the value of _SUBGRP_ matches the subgroupvariable
 the value of _INDEX_ matches value
The value can be up to 16 characters and must be enclosed
in quotes.
 READLIMITS

specifies that control limit parameters are to be read from a
LIMITS= data set specified in the PROC MACONTROL statement.
The parameters for a particular process are read from the
first observation in the LIMITS= data set for which
 the value of _VAR_ matches process
 the value of _SUBGRP_ matches the subgroup variable
The use of the READLIMITS option depends on which release
of SAS/QC software you are using.
 In Release 6.10 and later releases, the READLIMITS
option is not necessary. To read control limits parameters as
described previously, you simply specify a LIMITS= data set.
However, even though the READLIMITS option is redundant,
it continues to function as in earlier releases.
 In Release 6.09 and earlier releases, you must
specify the READLIMITS option to read control limits parameters
as described previously. If you specify a LIMITS= data
set without specifying the READLIMITS option (or the
READINDEX= option), the control limits are computed from the
data and the span of the moving averages is specified
with the SPAN= option.
 SIGMA0=value

specifies a known (standard) value for the
process standard deviation . The value
must be positive. By default, the MACONTROL procedure estimates
from the data using the formulas given in
"Methods for Estimating the Standard Deviation"
.
Note:
As an alternative to specifying SIGMA0=,you can read a predetermined value for from the variable _STDDEV_ in a LIMITS= data set.
 SIGMAS=value

specifies the width of the control limits in terms of the
multiple k of the standard error of the plotted
moving averages
on the chart. The value of k must be
positive. By default, k=3 and the control limits are
limits.
 SPAN=value

specifies the number of terms used to calculate the moving average
(value is an integer greater than 1). The SPAN= option
is required unless you read control limit parameters from
a LIMITS= data set or a TABLE= data set. See "Plotted Points"
and "Choosing the Span of the Moving Average"
for details.
Copyright © 1999 by SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA. All rights reserved.