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PROC CAPABILITY and General Statements |

The following entries provide detailed descriptions of
the *options* in the PROC CAPABILITY statement.

**ALL**-
requests all of the tables generated by the FREQ, MODES, NEXTRVAL=5,
CIBASIC, CIPCTLDF, and CIPCTLNORMAL options. If a WEIGHT statement
is not used, the ALL option also requests the
tables generated by the LOCCOUNT, NORMALTEST, ROBUSTSCALE, TRIMMED=.25, and
WINSORIZED=.25 options.
PROC CAPABILITY uses any values that
you specify with the ALPHA=, MUO=, NEXTRVAL=, CIBASIC, CIPCTLDF,
CIPCTLNORMAL, TRIMMED=, or WINSORIZED= options
in conjunction with the ALL option.
**ALPHA=***value*-
specifies the default confidence level for all confidence limits
computed by the CAPABILITY procedure
^{*}. The coverage percent for the confidence limits is (1-*value*) 100. For example, ALPHA=0.10 results in 90% confidence limits. The default*value*is 0.05.

Note that specialized ALPHA= options are available for a number of confidence interval options. For example, you can specify CIBASIC( ALPHA=0.10 ) to request a table of*Basic Confidence Limits*at the 90% level. The default*values*of these options default to the value of the general ALPHA= option. **ANNOTATE=***SAS-data-set***ANNO=***SAS-data-set*-
[
*Graphics*]

specifies an input data set containing annotate variables as described in SAS/GRAPH documentation. You can use this data set to add features to plots produced on graphics devices. Use this data set only when the chart is created using a graphics device; it is ignored when the LINEPRINTER option is specified. Features provided in this data set are added to every plot produced in the current run of the procedure. **CHECKINDICES<(<TEST = SW | KS | AD | CVM | NONE> <ALPHA=***value*>)>-
specifies the test of normality used in conjunction with
process capability indices that are displayed in the
*Process Capability Indices*table. The tests available are Shapiro-Wilk (SW), Kolmogorov-Smirnov (KS), Anderson-Darling (AD), and Cramr-von Mises (CVM). The default test is the Shapiro-Wilk test if the sample size is less than or equal to 2000 and the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test if the sample size is greater than 2000. If the*p*-value for the test is less than the cutoff probability*value*specified with the ALPHA= option^{*}, a warning is added to the table, as illustrated in Figure 1.3. The*value*must be between zero and one, and typical values are 0.05 and 0.10. See "Tests for Normality" for details concerning the test.

**CIINDICES<(<TYPE=***keyword*><ALPHA=*value*>)>-
specifies the type and level of the confidence limits
for standard capability indices
displayed in the
table labeled
*Process Capability Indices*.

**TYPE=***keyword*- specifies the type of confidence limit, where
*keyword*is LOWER, UPPER, or TWOSIDED. The default value is TWOSIDED.

**ALPHA=***value*- specifies the confidence level.
The coverage percent for the confidence limits is (1-
*value*) 100. For example, ALPHA=0.10 requests 90% confidence limits. The default value is 0.05.

**CIBASIC<(<TYPE=***keyword*><ALPHA=*value*>)>-
requests confidence limits for the mean, standard deviation, and
variance based on the assumption that the data are normally distributed.
With large sample sizes, this assumption is not required for
confidence limits for the mean.

**TYPE=***keyword*- specifies the type of confidence limit, where
*keyword*is LOWER, UPPER, or TWOSIDED. The default value is TWOSIDED.

**ALPHA=***value*- specifies the confidence level.
The coverage
percent for the confidence limits is (1-
*value*) 100. For example, ALPHA=0.10 requests 90% confidence limits. The default*value*is 0.05.

**CIPCTLDF<(TYPE=***keyword*><ALPHA=*value*>)>**CIQUANTDF<(TYPE=***keyword*><ALPHA=*value*>)>-
requests confidence limits for quantiles using a distribution-free method.
In other words, no specific parametric distribution
(such as the normal) is assumed for the data.
Order
statistics are used
to compute the confidence limits as described
in Section 5.2 of Hahn
and Meeker (1991). This option is not available if you specify a WEIGHT
statement.

**TYPE=***keyword*- specifies the type of confidence limit, where
*keyword*is LOWER, UPPER, SYMMETRIC, or ASYMMETRIC. The default value is SYMMETRIC.

**ALPHA=***value*- specifies the confidence level.
The coverage percent
for the confidence limits is (1-
*value*) 100. For example, ALPHA=0.10 requests 90% confidence limits. The default*value*is 0.05.

**CIPCTLNORMAL<(TYPE=***keyword*><ALPHA=*value*>)>**CIQUANTNORMAL<(TYPE=***keyword*><ALPHA=*value*>)>-
requests confidence limits for quantiles based on the assumption that
the data are normally distributed.
The computational method is described in Section 4.4.1 of
Hahn
and Meeker (1991)
and uses the noncentral
*t*distribution as given by Odeh and Owen (1980). This option is not available if you specify a WEIGHT statement **CIPROBEX<(TYPE=***keyword*><ALPHA=*value*>)>-
requests confidence limits for
and
,where
*X*is the analysis variable, LSL is the lower specification limit, and USL is the upper specification limit. The computational method, which assumes that*X*is normally distributed, is described in Section 4.5 of Hahn and Meeker (1991) and uses the noncentral*t*distribution as given by Odeh and Owen (1980). This option is not available if you specify a WEIGHT statement

**TYPE=***keyword*- specifies the type of confidence limit, where
*keyword*is LOWER, UPPER, or TWOSIDED. The default value is TWOSIDED.

**ALPHA=***value*- specifies the confidence level.
The coverage percent for the confidence limits is (1-
*value*) 100. For example, ALPHA=0.10 requests 90% confidence limits. The default value is 0.05.

**CPMA=***value*-
specifies the
*value*of the parameter*a*for the capability index*C*_{pm}(*a*) described in Section 3.7 of Kotz and Johnson (1993). You must specify the option SPECIALINDICES in order to request*C*_{pm}(*a*), which is displayed in the table of*Specialized Capability Indices*. The*value*must be positive. The default*value*is 0.5. **DATA=***SAS-data-set*-
specifies the input data set containing the observations
to be analyzed.
If the DATA= option is omitted, the procedure
uses the most recently created SAS data set.
**DEF=***index*-
is an alias for the PCTLDEF= option. See the entry for
the PCTLDEF= option.
**EXCLNPWGT**-
excludes observations with non-positive weight values (zero or
nonnegative) for the analysis. By default, PROC CAPABILITY treats
observations with negative weights like those with zero weights and
counts them in the total number of observations. This option is
applicable only if you specify a WEIGHT statement.
**FORMCHAR(***index*)='*string*'-
[
*Line Printer*]

defines characters used for features on plots, where*index*is a number ranging from 1 to 11, and*string*is a character or hexadecimal string. The*index*identifies which features are controlled with the*string*characters, as discussed in the table that follows. If you specify the FORMCHAR= option omitting the*index*, the*string*controls all 11 features.

By default, the form character list specified with the SAS system option FORMCHAR= is used; otherwise, the default is FORMCHAR='|----|+|---'. If you print to a PC screen or your device supports the ASCII symbol set (1 or 2), the following is recommended:formchar='B3,C4,DA,C2,BF,C3,C5,B4,C0,C1,D9'X

As an example, suppose you want to plot the data values of the empirical cumulative distribution function with asterisks (*). You can change the appropriate character using the following:formchar(2)='*'

Note that the FORMCHAR= option in the PROC CAPABILITY statement allows you to temporarily override the values of the SAS system option with the same name. The values of the SAS system option are not altered by using the FORMCHAR= option in PROC CAPABILITY statement.

The features associated with values of*index*are as follows:**Value of***index***Description of Character****Chart Feature**1 vertical bar frame, ecdf line, HREF=lines 2 horizontal bar frame, ecdf line, VREF= lines 3 box character (upper left) frame, ecdf line, histogram bars 4 box character (upper middle) histogram bars, tick marks (horizontal axis) 5 box character (upper right) frame, histogram bars 6 box character (middle left) histogram bars 7 box character (middle middle) not used 8 box character (middle right) histogram bars, tick marks (vertical axis) 9 box character (lower left) frame 10 box character (lower middle) histogram bars 11 box character (lower right) frame, ecdf line **FREQ**-
requests a frequency table in the printed output that
contains the variable values, frequencies,
percentages, and cumulative percentages.
See Figure 1.2 for an example.
**GOUT=***graphics-catalog*-
[
*Graphics*]

specifies a graphics catalog in which to save graphics output. **LINEPRINTER**-
[
*Line Printer*]

requests that line printer charts be produced. By default, the procedure creates charts for a graphics device. **LOCCOUNT**-
requests a table with the number of observations greater than, equal to,
and less than the value of MUO=. PROC CAPABILITY uses these values to
construct the sign test and signed rank test. This option is not
available if you specify a WEIGHT statement.
**MODES****MODE**-
requests a table of all possible modes. By default, when the data
contains multiple modes, PROC CAPABILITY displays the lowest mode in the
table of basic statistical measures. When all values are unique, PROC
CAPABILITY does not produce a table of modes.
**MUO=***value(s)***LOCATION=***value(s)*-
specifies the
*value*of the mean or location parameter () in the null hypothesis for the tests summarized in the table labeled*Tests for Location: Mu0=value*. If you specify a single*value*, PROC CAPABILITY tests the same null hypothesis for all analysis variables. If you specify multiple*values*, a VAR statement is required, and PROC CAPABILITY tests a different null hypothesis for each analysis variable by matching the VAR variables with the*values*in the corresponding order. The default*value*is 0. **NEXTROBS=***n*-
specifies the number of extreme observations
in the table labeled
*Extreme Observations*. The table lists the*n*lowest observations and the*n*highest observations. The default value is 5. The value of*n*must be an integer between 0 and half the number of observations. You can specify NEXTROBS=0 to suppress the table. **NEXTRVAL=***n*-
requests the table labeled
*Extreme Values*and specifies the number of extreme values in the table. The table lists the*n*lowest unique values and the*n*highest unique values. The value of*n*must be an integer between 0 and half the maximum number of observations. By default,*n*=0 and no table is displayed. **NOPRINT**-
suppresses the tables of
descriptive statistics and capability indices
which are created by the PROC CAPABILITY statement.
The NOPRINT option does not suppress the tables created
by the INTERVALS or plot statements. You can use the NOPRINT
options in these statements to suppress the creation
of their tables.
**NORMALTEST****NORMAL**-
requests a table
of
*Tests for Normality*for each of the analysis variables. The table provides test statistics and*p*-values for the Shapiro-Wilk test (provided the sample size is less than or equal to 2000), the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, the Anderson-Darling test, and the Cramr-von Mises test. See "Tests for Normality" for details. If specification limits are provided, the NORMALTEST option is assumed. **OUTTABLE=***SAS-data-set*-
specifies an output data set that contains univariate
statistics and capability indices arranged in tabular form. See
"OUTTABLE= Data Set"
for details.
**PCTLDEF=***index***DEF=***index*-
specifies one of five definitions used to calculate
percentiles. The value of
*index*can be 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5. See "Percentile Computations" for details. By default, PCTLDEF=5. **ROBUSTSCALE**-
requests a table of robust measures of scale.
These measures include
the interquartile range, Gini's mean difference, the median absolute
deviation about the median (
*MAD*), and two statistics proposed by Rousseeuw and Croux (1993),*Q*_{n}, and*S*_{n}. This option is not available if you specify a WEIGHT statement. **ROUND=***value-list*-
specifies units used to round variable values. The
ROUND= option reduces the number of unique values for
each variable and hence reduces the memory required
for temporary storage.
*Values*must be greater than 0 for rounding to occur.

If you use only one*value*, the procedure uses this unit for all variables. If you use a list of values, you must also use a VAR statement. The procedure then uses the roundoff values for variables in the order given in the VAR statement. For example, the following statements specify a roundoff value of 1 for YLDSTREN and a roundoff value of 0.5 for TENSTREN.proc capability round=1 0.5; var yldstren tenstren; run;

When a variable value is midway between the two nearest rounded points, the value is rounded to the nearest even multiple of the roundoff value. For example, with a roundoff value of 1, the variable values of -2.5, -2.2, and -1.5 are rounded to -2; the values of -0.5, 0.2, and 0.5 are rounded to 0; and the values of 0.6, 1.2, and 1.4 are rounded to 1. **SPECIALINDICES**-
requests a table of specialized process capability
indices.
These indices include
*k*, Boyles' modified*C*_{pm}(also denoted as*C*_{pm}+),*C*_{jkp},*C*_{pm}(*a*),*C*_{p}(5.15),*C*_{pk}(5.15),*C*_{pmk}, and Wright's*C*_{s}. You can specify the parameter*a*for*C*_{pm}(*a*) with the CPMA= option. **SPECS=***SAS-data-set***SPEC=***SAS-data-set*-
specifies an input data set containing specification
limits for each of the variables in the VAR statement.
This option is an alternative to the SPEC statement,
which also provides specification limits. See
"SPEC= Data Set" for
details on SPEC= data sets, and Example 1.1
for an example. If you use both the SPEC=
option and a SPEC statement, the SPEC= option is ignored.
**TRIMMED=***values(s)*<(TYPE=*keyword*><ALPHA=*value*>)>**TRIM=***values(s)*<(TYPE=*keyword*><ALPHA=*value*>)>-
requests a table of trimmed means, where each
*value*specifies the number or the proportion of trimmed observations. If the*value*is the number*n*of trimmed observations,*n*must be between 0 and half the number of nonmissing observations. If the*value*is a proportion*p*between 0 and 0.5, the number of observations trimmed is the smallest integer greater than or equal to*np*, where*n*is the number of observations. To obtain confidence limits for the mean and the student*t*-test, you must use the default value of VARDEF= which is DF. The TRIMMED= option is not available if you specify a WEIGHT statement.

**TYPE=***keyword*- specifies the type of confidence limit, where
*keyword*is LOWER, UPPER, or TWOSIDED. The default value is TWOSIDED.

**ALPHA=***value*- specifies the confidence level.
The coverage percent is (1-
*value*) 100. For example, ALPHA=0.10 requests a 90% confidence limit. The default value is 0.05.

**VARDEF=DF | N | WDF | WEIGHT | WGT**-
specifies the divisor used in calculating variances
and standard deviations. The values and associated
divisors are shown in the following table. By default,
VARDEF=DF.
**Value****Divisor****Formula**DF degrees of freedom *n*- 1N number of observations *n*WEIGHT | WGT sum of weight WDF sum of weights minus one ( **WINSORIZED=***values(s)*<(TYPE=*keyword*><ALPHA=*value*>)>**WINSOR=***values(s)*<(TYPE=*keyword*><ALPHA=*value*>)>-
requests a table of winsorized means, where each
*value*specifies the number or the proportion of winsorized observations. If the*value*is the number*n*of winsorized observations,*n*must be between 0 and half the number of nonmissing observations. If the*value*is a proportion*p*between 0 and 0.5, the number of observations winsorized is the smallest integer greater than or equal to*np*, where*n*is the number of observations. To obtain confidence limits for the mean and the student*t*-test, you must use the default value of VARDEF= which is DF. The WINSORIZED= option is not available if you specify a WEIGHT statement.

**TYPE=***keyword*- specifies the type of confidence limit, where
*keyword*is LOWER, UPPER, or TWOSIDED. The default value is TWOSIDED.

**ALPHA=***value*- specifies the confidence level.
The coverage percent is (1-
*value*) 100. For example, ALPHA=0.10 results in a 90% confidence limit. The default value is 0.05.

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