Using the PUT Statement
The PUT statement writes lines to the SAS log, to the SAS output
file, or to any external file specified in a FILE statement.
The file associated with the most recently executed
FILE statement is the current output file.
You can use the following arguments with the PUT statement:
- names the IML variable with a value that is put to
the current pointer position in the record.
The variable must be scalar valued.
The put variable can be followed immediately by an output format.
- gives a literal to be put to the
current pointer position in the record.
The literal can be followed immediately by an output format.
- must produce a scalar-valued result.
The expression can be immediately followed by an output format.
- names the output formats for the values.
- moves the output pointer to a line or column.
Pointer Control Features
Most PUT statements need the added
flexibility obtained with pointer controls.
IML keeps track of its position on
each output line with a pointer.
With specifications in the PUT statement, you can control
pointer movement from column to column and line to line.
The pointer controls available are
discussed in the section "Using the INPUT statement".
Differences with the SAS DATA Step
If you are familiar with the SAS DATA step,
you will notice that the following features
are supported differently or are not supported:
- The pound sign (#) directive supporting
multiple current records is not supported.
- Grouping parentheses are not supported.
- The byte operands (< and >) are a
new feature supporting binary files.
Copyright © 1999 by SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA. All rights reserved.