Chapter Contents
Chapter Contents
Previous
Previous
Next
Next
Working with SAS Data Sets

Using the READ Statement with the VAR Clause

Use the READ statement with the VAR clause to read variables from the current SAS data set into column vectors of the VAR clause. Each variable in the VAR clause becomes a column vector with the same name as the variable in the SAS data set. The number of rows is equal to the number of observations processed, depending on the range specification and the WHERE clause. For example, to read the numeric variables AGE, HEIGHT, and WEIGHT for all observations in the CLASS data set, use the following statements:

   > read all var {age height weight};

Now submit the SHOW NAMES statement to display all the matrices you have created so far in this chapter:

   > show names;

            AGE          19 rows      1 col  num      8
            HEIGHT       19 rows      1 col  num      8
            N             1 row       3 cols char     4
            P             1 row       3 cols num      8
            V             1 row       3 cols char     6
            WEIGHT       19 rows      1 col  num      8
            Number of symbols = 8  (includes those without values)
You see that, with the READ Statement, you have created the three numeric vectors AGE, HEIGHT, and WEIGHT. (Notice that the matrices you created earlier, N, P, and V, are also listed.) You can select the variables that you want to access with a VAR clause in the USE statement. The two previous statements can also be written as
   use class var{age height weight};
   read all;

Chapter Contents
Chapter Contents
Previous
Previous
Next
Next
Top
Top

Copyright © 1999 by SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA. All rights reserved.