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Image Data Model:_filter |
Syntax | |
Details | |
Example |
Syntax |
CALL SEND (imgdat_id, '_filter', filter-type, matrix); |
Argument | Type | Description |
---|---|---|
filter-type |
C | must be specified as
'CONVOLUTION'Other filter types will be added in the future. |
matrix | C | contains the matrix size, the filter matrix, the divisor, the bias, and 1 if you want to use the absolute value of the resulting value. If not specified, the defaults are 1 for divisor, 0 for bias, and 0 for not using the absolute value. Separate each number with a space. |
Details |
The FILTER command supports user-provided convolution filters. A filter matrix is moved along the pixels in an image, and a new pixel value is calculated and replaced at the pixel that is at the center point of the filter matrix. The new value is determined by weighting nearby pixels according to the values in the filter matrix.
A detailed explanation of the concept and theory behind filtering is beyond the scope of this help. However, it is explained in many text books. For example, see Digital Image Processing, by Rafael Gonzalez and Paul Wintz, and The Image Processing Handbook, by John C. Russ.
Calculating New Pixel Values
Use the following equation to calculate new pixel values:
Example |
Consider the following 3x3 matrix:
-1 -2 -3 4 5 6 -7 8 -9
Design the matrix with a divisor of 1 and a zero bias, and use the absolute value of the answer:
matrix='3 -1 -2 -3 4 5 6 -7 8 -9 1 0 1'; CALL SEND (imgdat_id, '_filter', 'CONVOLUTION', matrix);
Note: Normally, calculated values that are larger than 255 and smaller than zero are normalized to 255 or zero. If 1 is set for 'absolute value', then negative numbers are first converted to positive numbers.
A filter selection and creation window is available. An example of using
it is in the image sample catalog (imagedmo) named FILTEXAM.FRAME. It is essentially
the same window that is used in the Image Editor. It accesses the filters
that are shipped with the Image Editor.
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