LA 3324 Landscape Architecture Design II

Spring 1998

Oklahoma State University

Landscape Architecture Program

Course Instructor: Paul Hsu from OSU, German Costa from UPC, and Enrique Espinosa from UPC

344 Ag. Hall

(405) 744-5421


Issued: Monday, February 16, 1998

Due: See the end of project manual


Chavin de Huantar

{chah-veen' day wahn'-tahr}

The archaeological site of Chavin de Huantar is located at the junction of the Mosna and Wacheksa rivers in north central Peru, at an elevation of 3,300 m (11,000 ft). A major urban and ceremonial center of ancient Andean culture, the site gives its name to Chavin culture, one of the earliest cultures in the New World; its origins may date from 1200 BC or earlier. The associated art style, with its distinctive jaguar designs that appear on ceramics, textiles, stone and bone carvings, and metalwork, flourished in much of northern Peru from about 900 BC to about 200 BC. The Chavin style also influenced the roughly contemporaneous PARACAS style of southern Peru.

Because the jaguar (as depicted in the Chavin art) is a lowland animal, anthropologists disagree about whether or not Chavin de Huantar was the source of the Chavin art style. It was, however, almost certainly the most impressive center of the period in terms of elaborate architecture and stone sculpture. The central building of the site, called the Castillo, is thought to have served a principally religious function. It is made of several superimposed platforms that appear to have been constructed at several different times and house within them numerous subterranean galleries. The galleries were found to contain a variety of decorated pottery objects, including bowls and globular bottles with stirrup spouts. (Copyright 1995 by Grolier Electronic Publishing, Inc.Copyright 1995 by Grolier Electronic Publishing, Inc.)

The famous stone sculptures and reliefs of Chavin de Huantar, some of which were found in the galleries of the Castillo, represent highly stylized human and animal figures, the most common of which are birds. The images carved into the stone are sometimes interpreted as deities, and the Chavin style is interpreted as the sign of a religious cult that expanded over a large area.


This project is a joint effort of Landscape Architecture Program at Oklahoma State University and the Architecture Program at Universidad Peruana De Ciencias Aplicadas, Lima, Peru, for a three week exchange program. 10 students and 2 faculty from UPC and 15 students and 1 faculty from OSU are involved in this interdiscipline project.

Students will evaluate video tapes, literature, photographs, and other pertinent information and go through a series of team exercises. There will be three phases, site analysis and suitability study, visitors routing and pavilion design, and master plan of Lodge and Visiting Route Design of Chavin Archaeological Site.


Professors: Paul Hsu at OSU, German Costa from UPC, and Enrique Espinosa from UPC

Team 1:

Andy Hutton, Tripp Bushnell, Chris Streich, Leopoldo Livschitz, and Martin Klingerberger

Team 2:

James Heath, Heath Headrick, Brady Hanes, Maria Luisa Arrieta, and Susana Tavera

Team 3:

Kerman Raines, Larry Vinson, Ryan Domnick, Marinor Vega, and Giselle Rios

Team 4:

Lori Mitchell, Brian Scroggins, Jason Judd, Eduardo Huamanchumo, and Alberto Dominques

Team 5:

Pete Baumeister, Chad Smith, Richard Coleman, Gisella Falcoi, and Ursula Tello


Phase I:

a. A topographic model at a scale of 1:1,250 -- This will be a five team efforts and each team will be assigned to certain number of contours and site features.

b. A sheet of site overview: This should include locator maps (the location of the site from a regional sense to local proximity), historic literature, rock art symbols and meanings, Chavin's main characters (this may include the layout of the ruins, subterrain galleries, and so on).

c. A sheet of site analysis and suitability study: This should include overall site analysis such as topo, climate, views, geology and geography, soil and slope, hydrology, vegetation, settlement, auto path, and pedestrian paths. Select two most suitable areas for tour lodge development.

d. A sheet of 5 topographic section across the ruin in general.

e. All sheet sizes are to be 24" x 36" or 61 cm x 91 cm


Phase I: Model and Site Analysis Friday, February 20, 1998, at the end of class

Phase II: Pavilion and Routing Plan Friday, Feb. 27 at the end of class

Lodge Building Design

Phase III: Master Plan Friday, Mar 6, 1998, at the beginning of class

Presentation of all phases: Friday, Mar 6, 1998, at the beginning of class

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