1. CHEM Study VHS Videotapes: Acid-Base Indicators and Nitric Acid (Ward's, Rochester, NY; CENCO, 11222 Melrose Ave., Franklin Park, IL 60131-1364)

  2. Ramette, R.W. (1989). The acid-base package: A collection of useful programs for proton-transfer systems. Journal of Chemical Education,66, 830.
    A versatile, comprehensive set of programs useful to students and teachers in any course that deals qualitatively with acid-base equilibria.

  3. Moore, J. (Ed.). (1988). Acid-base indicator simulation for Apple II microcomputer. Journal of Chemical Education, 65, 798.
    Computer series.

  4. Atkinson, G., Doadt, E., and Rell, C. (1986). Master variable diagrams for acid-base systems from an IBM personal computer. Journal of Chemical Education, 63, 841.

  5. Solutions Processes/Acid-Base Software for Apple II, IBM PC or Macintosh, Project Seraphim, Department of Chemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706.

  6. The World of Chemistry, The proton in chemistry (Videocassette 16), The Annenberg/CPB Project, c/o Intellimation, P.O. Box 1922, Santa Barbra, CA 93116-1922.


  1. Vernier's Voltage Plotter with pH electrode. (Vernier Software Science Supply, 2920 - T.S.W. 89th St., Portland, OR 97225.)

  2. Nester model and Corning model pH meters (Flinn Scientific, Inc. Chemical Catalog/Reference Manual, 131 Flinn St., P. O. Box 219, Batavia, IL 60510-0219).

  3. Corning Conductivity Meter (Flinn Scientific).

  4. Conductivity Apparatus: T. Russo, "A Low Cost Conductivity Apparatus," J. Chem. Ed. 1986, 63, 981; F. Gadek, "Easily Made Electronic Device for Conductivity Experiments," J. Chem. Ed. 1987, 64, 628; F. Gadek, "A Commercially Available Device for Conductivity Experiments," J. Chem. Ed. (1987), 64, 281; and Ed Vitz, "Conductivity of Solutions Apparatus," J. Chem. Ed. (1987), 64, 550.

Acids and Bases
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