Naturalistic/Participant
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AGED 6223

PLANNING AND EVALUATION
OF EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS IN AGRICULTURE

 

 

Naturalistic and Participant - Oriented Evaluation Approach

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Characteristics

Fuller, more holistic approach
Value pluralism recognized
Inductive reasoning
Multiplicity of data
No standard plan
Multiple rather than single realities

 

Stake's Countenance Model

Description
Judgment

 

 

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Stake's Countenance Model

Provide background, justifications, and description of program rationale
List intended antecedents, transactions, and outcomes
Record observed antecedents, transactions, and outcomes
Explicitly state standards for judging program antecedents, transactions, and outcomes
Record judgments made about antecedent conditions, transactions, and outcomes

 

Transactional Evaluation

Initial
Instrumentation
Program development
Program monitoring
Recycling

 

Illuminative Evaluation

Observation - to explore and become familiar with the day-to-day reality of the setting being studied
Further inquiry - to focus study by inquiring further on selected issues
Explanation - to seek to explain observed patterns and cause-effect relationships

 

 

Democratic Evaluation

Bureaucratic evaluation
Autocratic evaluation
Democratic evaluation

 

Responsive Evaluation

Talk with clients, program staff, audiences
Identify program scope
Overview program activities
Discover purposes, concerns
Conceptualize issues, problems
Identify data needs, re. issues
Select observers, judges, instruments
Observe designated antecedents, transactions, and outcomes
Thematize; Prepare portrayals, case studies
Validate, confirm, attempt to disconfirm
Winnow, format for audience use
Assemble formal reports

 

 

Naturalistic Evaluation

Descriptive information about the object of the evaluation and its context
Information responsive to concerns
Information responsive to issues
Information about values
Information about standards to be used in the evaluation

 

 

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