Research Design in Occupational Education
A procedures supplementary to observation in which the researcher seeks to test the authenticity of the reports or observations made by others.
The historical method is employed by researchers who are interested in reporting events and/or conditions that occurred in the past. An attempt is made to establish facts in order to arrive at conclusions concerning past events or predict future events.
Steps to Follow
Primary Sources of Information - Direct outcomes of events or the records of eyewitnesses
Secondary Sources of Information - Information provided by a person who did not directly observe the event, object, or condition
External Criticism - Asks if the evidence under consideration is authentic. The researcher checks the genuineness or validity of the source. Is it what it appears or claims to be? Is it admissible as evidence?
Internal Criticism - After the source is authenticated, it asks if the source is accurate, was the writer or creator competent, honest, and unbiased? How long after the event happened until it was reported? Does the witness agree with other witnesses?
Establishing the Genuineness of a Document of Relic
Checking the Content of a Source of Information
1. Define the historical method of research.
2. List the five steps to be followed in conducting a historical investigation.
3. Differentiate between the following primary and secondary sources by placing an "X" in the blank before each primary source.
4. Define external criticism.
5. Define internal criticism.
6. List six pertinent questions to be considered in establishing the genuineness of a document or relic.
7. List two pertinent questions to be considered when checking the content of a source of information.
8. List five factors to be considered when evaluating historical research.
9. Discuss three advantages of historical research.